The garden today known as Jardin de los Adarves (Garden of Parapet Walks) was built in the 16th century as part of the program of adaptation of the Alcazaba to the defensive needs at that time. There was no more Turkish threat, the Moriscos had been expelled, etc., the enemies of the Spanish Empire had changed and were found at other remote battle scenarios; therefore, it was not a priority to keep operative such an important defensive system. For this reason ceased the use of this structure, which has survived - in the most important aspects of its design - intact until today.
The transformation of the platform for artillery into a garden took place about 1628, date in which is recorded the construction of one of two existing pillars, on which sea creatures are represented on dolphins. The will of this transformation is ascribed to the Marquess of Mondéjar, fifth member of this distinguished family who inherited the title. According to the legend, porcelain vases filled with gold, hidden by the last Moorish indweller of the fortress, were found at that time, and the Marquess dedicated part of this gold to form the garden embellished with fountains.
In the beginning, this garden was very different from the one that exists at present. It was half garden and half orchard. The Jardín de los Adarves has evolved in the course of time. It was an inspiration place for famous painters such as Mariano Fortuny or Joaquín Sorolla and, at present, it is a unique spot for rest for visitors to the Alhambra.