Forests, Flower and Vegetable Gardens

The landscape resources of the Alhambra and its surroundings are an inseparable part of the Monuments Complex.

For your interest

  • Conservation

    The interventional action activities being executed in the Historical-Artistic Monuments Complex require the joint contribution of various interdisciplinary teams.

  • Restoration

    Restoration Programme. Alhambra of Granada

  • Archaeological

    Archaeological . Alhambra Granada

  • Maintenance Shops

    Maintenance Shops. Alhambra of Granada

  • Protection


  • Biodiversity

    Biodiversity. Alhambra Granada

Landscape is an essential component of human environment, an expression of the diversity of the cultural and natural heritage that strongly affects life quality, welfare and the identity of the citizens and visitors both individually and collectively. This is why one of the priorities of the Council is the protection, sustainable planning and management of the landscape resources of the enclosure of the Alhambra.

The complex and singular crops of the Alhambra, Generalife and surrounding land form an inseparable part from the other landscape elements, embedded within architectural, archaeological, hydraulic and biologic elements.

The territory of the Alhambra contains samples of medieval flower and vegetable gardens, forests and love trees from the Spanish and Moorish legacy that live in harmony with Baroque and Romantic contributions and with recent designs that have rooted in the collective memory. The land use has survived as it was in the past

In the distant past, the red hill and the valleys were covered by Mediterranean oak forests, but human activity has shaped its current aspect, which combines, in a very special and indissociable way, the full sense of life and contemplation.

The preservation of the main crop lands parallels the physical preservation of the aesthetic, sensorial and botanical heritage values and, what is more importantly, the transmission of the conceptual values that generate vital experiences. This combination of perceptions and feelings converts the Alhambra into a most unique place. 

The Gardens of the Alhambra are the best surviving examples of the medieval gardens belonging to the cultural heritage of Al-Andalus. The Muslim medieval gardens, and in particular the Nasrid royal gardens, were places where business was combined with pleasure, science and art.

In the gardens agricultural, botanical and artistic endeavours were blended with and leisure activities from distant Mediterranean cultures. The great variety and richness of the Alhambra gardens is the reflection of past art styles and of our history, and accounting for its heritage value.

The forests require active management to ensure their continuity and the improvement of the tree conditions and aspect. In the Alhambra the most common trees are San Pedro and Gomerez, with their dense foliage, but the Mediterranean forests of the valley and the Meadow are also very important. The forests have various uses, but at present their main functions are social, terrain, and protective. 

The agricultural landscape of the Vegetable Gardens is a reflection of the historical, cultural and terrain components that have generated them. Their conservation provides a socio-cultural benefit, a contribution to the public dissemination and promotion of the sustainable use and cultivation of this heritage.