The preservation of biological biodiversity is essential in strategies aiming at sustainability.

For your interest

The Monumental Complex of the Alhambra and the Generalife counts with a heritage wealth that goes beyond its architectural structure and beautiful decoration motifs and patterns. Nature joins values like Heritage, Landscape or Biodiversity in a comprehensive proposal of protection and conservation.

The preservation of biological diversity is essential in the strategies leading to sustainability. The Agreement about Biological Diversity (1992) points out the in-situ preservation of the natural ecosystems and habitats as well as the maintenance and recovery of populations of feasible species in their natural environment as a fundamental requirement for the preservation of biodiversity. In this sense, the programme for re-nesting the primilla kestrel has given very fruitful results, with the return of 40 kestrels in the campaigns developed from 2000. The elaboration of the Inventory of the vertebrates that live in the Monumental Complex is currently being elaborated for the better follow-up and control of the animal populations.

A sustainable management must ensure that the transformations and alterations of the environmental conditions caused by human activities are respectful with the environment and keep a healthy balance of the variety of animals, plants and other organisms. At the same time the efficient control of the animal populations is vital to reach a respectful balance between living beings and cultural heritage. A must of the Council of the Alhambra is to make the monument compatible with its condition of tourist destination and the preservation of its cultural values.

Of special interest are the water ecosystems for two reasons: first, among the threatened animal species, the reduction in the populations of amphibians is much higher than in birds or mammals.

The second reason is that the Alhambra has a privileged water system in quality, quantity and extension; in addition it enjoys two ecological corridors formed by the rivers Darro and Genil, that connect respectively with the Natural Park of the Huetor Santillan Mountains and the core of the National Park of Sierra Nevada, declared Reserve of the Biosphere within the network “Man and Biosphere” (MAB) of the UNESCO in 1986, essential for the survival and dissemination of living beings. There are two projects related to water ecosystems: sustainable ecosystems and water ponds and pools.